Foreign and domestic expertise in evaluating student’s success in universities and colleges

Foreign and domestic expertise in evaluating student’s success in universities and colleges

The assessment system in numerous countries has its own own peculiarities. For instance, in United states advanced schooling organizations evaluation of students is carried out in credits. Each credit requires a one-hour (50 min.) lecture, a presentation at a seminar or participation in a laboratory-practical (3-hour) class room. In addition, pupils must spend a couple of hours on non-attendance training. Through the semester program (3 hours weekly), 3 credits are credited for 2 hours seminary classes, 3 credits for 2-3 hours laboratory lessons and another credit per semester.

Students take exams through the core disciplines at the center as well as the final end associated with the semester. Evaluate understanding of the letter system: A («excellent»), B («good»), C («satisfactory»), B («satisfactory with a minus»), E («unsatisfactory»). In the event of «satisfactory by having a minus» the learning pupil is obliged to hear the program once more also to pass the exam. The criterion of success can be an normal semester score. Students regarded as being a learning pupil who received 2 points and higher. The surname regarding the pupil whom scored 3.5 points is entered into the honorary range of the dean’s office. A student whom scored from 1.7 to 1.99 points gets a caution concerning the need certainly to improve performance, then gets a serious warning if he recovers this same score or from 1.1 to 1.7. If a student receives 1.1 points for the semester or has warnings that are serious can not get a score of 2, or when after caution gaining significantly less than 1.7 points, he is taken removed from the institution.

European experience of assessing pupil’s success

In Germany, students’ familiarity with advanced schooling institutions is evaluated on a 5-point system:

  • «very good» (1),
  • «good» (2),
  • «satisfactory» (3),
  • «enough» (4),
  • «not enough» (5).

Success can also be defined in credits. One credit hour per semester ensures that the pupil must work within one week of just one hour using this discipline. The student must earn 150-160 credits for a 4-year term.

Italian universities have an interest in system needless to say examinations, that are accepted by commissions composed of three instructors, every one of that could put at the most 10 points. The protection of written theses or a draft right in front of a payment of 11 teachers is really a final exam. The score that is total achieve 110 points.

The integration of the advanced schooling system in to the European educational room, the development of a credit-module system in advanced schooling organizations, a particular spot within the system of evaluation regarding the amount of professional training associated with graduate, obliges each instructor to examine the ability of international and domestic advanced schooling, creatively utilize it in the practical task.

Rating system of pupil’s success evaluation

The rating system of assessment of real information primarily activates the student’s separate work, helps it be rhythmic and systematic throughout the semester; better educated and cognitive activity is motivated, the part of advertising autonomy, initiative, obligation, imagination in educational and activity that is cognitive; the objectivity associated with assessment is increased, nearly entirely unrelated to your effective or unsuccessful reply to the score or exam; the psychological stress throughout the test decreases dramatically. In addition, permits the instructor to individualize learning and a differentiated method of students, plays a part in the logical construction of this pupil throughout the semester, especially throughout the exam sessions.

Utilization of the score system of evaluation into the process that is educational the biased way of the assessment of pupils’ knowledge; will act as an effective way of encouraging educational and cognitive task; raises the student’s responsibility for learning outcomes; encourages the implementation of the concept of individualization of training; removes the problem of attending classes; frees the pupil time for classes by passions; the character of cooperation prevails within the market, the teacher ceases to be always a supervisor, and so on.

Consequently, the instructor must think carefully and artistically to make use of the criteria and norms for evaluating the ability, abilities and abilities of pupils. It must be directed by the scientific axioms of this methodology of academic work, attentively apply to each student, taking into consideration his inclinations, passions and aspirations, showing high maxims and tact.

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